State : Assam in India.
Best time to Travel :Best to visit kaziranga park is from November to April.
Weather Conditions : Climate Temp. Summer Max 35 C Min. 18 C. Winter Max 24 C Min 7 C. Annual rainfall 2300 mm, heavy in summer.
Location : The National Highway 37 runs through the park. Kaziranga (Kohora) is at a distance of 217 km from Guwahati, 96 km from Jorhat, and 75 km from Furkating via road.
Know The Kaziranga National Park
Located in the heart of Assam on the bank of the majestic Brahmaputra is the Kaziranga National Park. Kaziranga National Prak in Assam is inhabited by the world's largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.
Assam Kaziranga National Park covers an area of approximately 430-sq-kms with its swamps and tall thickets of elephant grass making it the most ideal habitat for the one-horned Indian Rhino. Due to countless poaching of this prehistoric survivor, the Kaziranga National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1940.
Kaziranga Park Tour of One Horned Rhinos
Kaziranga National Park is the only national park reserve in India where the rhinoceros can be seen in its natural habitat for Rhinos. One Horned Rhinos Internationally known as Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is heavily built beast of mammoth proportions, next to the Indian Elephant. An elephant safari tour will help you in sighting this largest of the three Asian rhinos. It has single distinctive black horn about 50 cm long and grey brown hide with skin folds, which give it an armor-plated image. Male are distinguish from female for their enormous development of the neck folds and semi-prehensile upper lips. These rhinos basically prefers living in tall grassland and riverine forests but now a days they are forced to live in a cultivated land. Unlike elephants who always move in a herd, rhinos are ascetic animal with the exception on the breeding session. Although they sometimes get together at bathing areas. Rhinos are herbivores and grazes on grasses, leaves, aquatic plants and fruits. They generally eat during dawn and evening with help of their prehensile lip to grip grass stems. Interestingly, rhinos are "landscape architects" of their habitat. It take rhino more than three days to digest a meal therefore, whatever seed they eat, it can be transported to significant distance before they are deposited in droppings. Conservation of rhinos is a success story but they are in demand for the mythical aphrodisiac properties of its horn. After the successful effort of the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC), the waning population of rhino began to gradually increase. Also WWF(World Wide Fund) is working both in India and Nepal to conserve this species. Translocation Projects are under operation, and the survival of the rhinos at all odds is the final goal. The Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros can be found in the national reserves of Kaziranga, Manas and Jaldapara. There are many wildlife holiday tour packages organized by Assam Tourism for tourist to visit wildlife in Kaziranga and nearby areas.
Travel to Kaziranga National Park in Assam
Airport : The nearest airport is situated at Guwahati, which is 217-km away from the Kaziranga park. The other airport is located at Jorhat, 96-km from Kaziranga.
Railhead : The nearest railhead is Furkating, situated 75-km away from Kaziranga National Park.
Road Tansport : The main gate for Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, at Kohora on the NH-37, consists of a handful of cafes and a small local market. ASTC and private buses stop here on their way to and from Guwahati, Tezpur and Upper Assam. Some private buses also retain a seat quota for Kaziranga passengers.
Hotel Resorts and Staying near Kaziranga National Park in Assam
Most of the accommodation available at the Kaziranga park is located along the NH 37, which runs along the southern border of the park. The main locations of accommodation facilities are at Kohora and Baguri. There is a variety of accommodation types to choose from which consist of Forest rest houses, Bungalows, Lodges and Hotels. Even though the number of rooms available is good, the demand is more than the supply and it is advisable to make your bookings well in advance to avoid last minute harassment.
The Ecosystem of Kaziranga Wildlife sanctuary
The land is quite level all over Kaziranga Wildlife sanctuary, which is mostly covered by dense and tall elephant grass. These large stretches of elephant grass are intermixed by small wetlands left behind by the receding floodwaters of the river Brahmaputra. The park, although quite flat in nature, is set against a backdrop of hills like the Mikir and Karbi Anglong.
These picturesque wetlands have an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus. The vegetation that breaks the monotony of these grasslands are large clumps of semi-evergreen forest. The Kaziranga park is mostly covered with elephant size grass, making it a perfect habitation for the one-horned rhinos.
Indian One-horned Rhinos (900), tigers (50), leopards (20), elephants (700), barasingha or swamp deer (700), barking deer (300), wild boar (700), para or hog deer (7000), Bison (22), Sambar (400), leopard cats, otters(300), Hoolock Gibbons, golden Langurs, Wild Buffaloes (600), Slow Loris, pygmy hog, capped langur and bears (50).
NOTE : The numbers provided here are approximate figures taken from the park's census findings in the 1990s.
Grey headed fishing eagle, Pallas' fishing eagle, Crested serpent eagle, Swamp partridge, Red jungle fowl, Bengal floricab, Bar headed goose, Whistling Teal, Pelicans, Rose breasted Parakeets, Black necked Storks, Adjutant Storks, Open Billed Storks, Egrets, Herons and White wired wood ducks are among the major number of bird varieties visible in the parks.
Rock Pythons and many more varieties of snakes, Monitor Lizards and Turtles are abundant in the park.
Kaziranga tourism is possible in the interiors on the back of one of two available modes of transport. The modes - Elephant and Jeep.
Wildlife Elephant Safari Tours
The first and more preferred mode is on elephant's back. Elephant safari holiday tour helps to allow you to get up very close to the wild animals and make you feel totally one with nature due to the lack of any sound of an engine. These rides are taken out thrice in a day from Mihimukh, which is located 3 km from Kohora. There are only around 5 elephants available for touring purposes and it is definitely advisable to book your ride well in advance. These advance bookings can be made at the Bonani Lodge at Kohora.
Jeep Safaris Tour
Jeep Safaris Trips are also available and can be booked at the various lodges and through local operators.