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North East India » Sikkim » Mt Kachenjunga


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Mt Kachenjunga

Kanchanjungha MountainThe colossal third highest mountain in the world derived its name from the Tibetan words ' Kanchen' and 'Dzonga' mean " five treasuries of the great snow." Kanchenjunga is the also known as queen of mountains and it is at best seen from the hill of Darjeeling. It is like a white wall hanging from the sky. Undoubtedly, it is one of the best scenario one could have experienced in life. Kanchenjunga is considered as a mysterious mountain because it is less explored by foreign visitors. Physical Dimensions

Location Far-east Nepal
Altitude 8,586 metes (28,169 feet)
Significance 3rd Highest Peak in the World
Season September to December, early February to late June
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*Kanchenjunga Main (8586 m/ 28,169 ft)
* Kanchenjunga West (Yalung Kang) (8505 m/27,904 ft)
* Kanchenjunga Central (Middle) (8482 m/ 27,828 ft)
* Kanchenjunga South (8494 m/ 27,867 ft)
* Kangbachen (7903 m/ 25,925 ft)

Climate
The climate is everchanging but most of the time temperature is hovering between minuses also it depends on the elevation. Monsoon is irregular but lengthy. During monsoon some district of where the Kanchenjunga west and Kangbachen are situated has humid summer condition.

Demographic feature
The area is thinly populated but there are some age old ethnic groups are the Limbu, Bhotia and Sherpa. Mainly population is that concentrate in the lower parts of the district.

People and Lifestyle
People living on the high altitude have been encountering challenges as the place is not at all congenial for human being. There are problems water, communication and other basic facilities. Also the climate vacillate so much that it very tough to survive. Still the place is inhabited by different ethnic groups and speak in different languages and dialects. They are mainly Tibeto-Burman ethnic groups such as Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Jirel, Thakali, Magar, Gurung and Sherpa. Of these, the Sherpa communities generally live in the highest areas, beyond which there is no possibility of human settlement. Main occupation of people is agriculture, Settled, mixed farming; swidden agriculture; middle-altitude agropastoralism; high-altitude agropastoralism, these are the five methods of agricultural practice adopted to sustain in a harsh condition. Mainly farmers cultivate rice, wheat, maize, millet, mustards and vegetables. Pastoralism revolves around cattle, water buffalo, sheep, and goats, There are another occupation where people exchange grains from middle-altitude groups for high altitude resources such as Tibetan salt and wool. People in this group are almost exclusively Buddhist, with a culture and lifestyle closely resembling that of the Tibetan people. Kanchanjungha Mountain

Flora and Fauna
On the lower plain wide varieties of natural vegetation and agricultural land can be seen. On the higher plain more than 2000 varieties of flowering plants can be witnessed. Kanchenjunga has abundant wildlife ranging from musk deer, red panda, snow leopard,binturong to yeti! (for the believers) Kanchenjunga Conservation Area is that home to 252 species of birds, 22 species of mammals, 82 species of insects, 5 species of fish and 6 species of amphibians.



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