State : Sikkim, in the north eastern state of India.
Time : Through out the year.
Venue : Sikkim, India
Know the Festivals of Sikkim
Ther are numerous festivals celebrated in Sikkim through out the year. As
people of Sikkim mostly follow Buddhism, the festivals celebrated here are
associated to the Buddhist festivals. Mostly the festivals are celebrated in
the Gompas or Monasteries of Sikkim, where people gather in large number to
commemorate the occasion.
On this day in different years of his life, Lord Buddha took birth,
achieved enlightenment and attained nirvana. These three important events
are celebrated in Saga Dawa Festival of Sikkim. A procession carries the
holy books of the teachings of Buddha from the Tsuklakhang monastery. Saga
Dawa is held on the full moon of the 4th month of the Buddhist calendar in
the end of May or early June.
Lhabab Duchen commemorates the Lord Buddha's descent from the deva
(heavenly or angelic) realm after teaching his deceased mother, Mahamaya.
Lhabab Duchen occurs on the 22nd day of the ninth lunar month each year.
Popularised by the third Chogyal of Sikkim, Chakdor Namgyal, the snow
covered range of Kanchendzonga is worshipped for its unifying powers. This
festival marks the signing of the treaty of brotherhood between the Lepchas
and Bhutias by "Kye Bhumsa" and "Thekong Tek". On this
day, masked Lama dancers portray the guardian deity as a fiery red-faced
deity with a crown of the five skulls, riding a snow-lion. It is held on the
15th day of August.
Falls on the fourth day of the sixth Tibetan month, around August,
celebrates Buddha's first preaching of the four "Noble Truths" to
his first five disciples in deer park at Sarnath. At
Gangtok, it is marked by prayers at the
Deer Park and at a secluded place called "Muguthang" in extreme
north Sikkim, followed by Yak race.
Bumchu, an age old festival of Sikkim is celebrated at Tashiding Monastery
in the month of January / February. During this festival, the lamas of the
monastery open the pot containing the holy water. The level of water in the
pot foretells the future for the future. If the water is to the brim, it
prophesises bloodshed and disturbances; if the pot is almost dry it
symbolises famine and if it is half full, it foretells a year in which peace
and prosperity will prevail.
Losoong is a Bhutia festival, which marks the end of the harvest season and
also the end of the Tibetan year. Chaam dancings at the monasteries at
Palace (Tsuklakhang), Phodong and Rumtek, archery competitions and other
festivities mark the occasion.
Lossar (also spelt as Losar) is the Tibetan 'New Year' festival that falls
in the month of February and is marked with lot of gaiety and festivities.
Tendong Lho Rum Faat
Specific to the Lepchas, this festival marks the celebration of the Tendong
hill. According to legend, the hill had risen like a horn during a great
flood to save the Lepchas.
Corresponding to the Indian festival of Diwali, Tihaar is also celebrated
as the festival of lights in Sikkim with the lighting of lamps accompanied
with traditional caroling called "Deusi" and "Bhailo".
More or less occurring a few weeks before Losoong, Dasain is the main
festival of the Hindu Nepalese in Sikkim. This too signifies the victory of
good over evil. The elders of the family apply 'Tika' on the young and bless